background of animal husbandry machinery

by:Desing      2020-10-10

Animal husbandry is the use of livestock and poultry and other animals that have been domesticated by humans, or the physiological functions of wild animals such as deer, musk deer, fox, mink, otter, quail, etc., through artificial breeding and reproduction, so that plants such as forage and fodder can be transformed into Animal energy to obtain meat, eggs, milk, wool, cashmere, hides, silk, medicinal materials and other livestock products.

   Different from self-sufficient livestock breeding, the main characteristics of animal husbandry and livestock machinery are centralized, large-scale, and profit-oriented production. It is an extremely important link in the material exchange between mankind and nature.

  Animal husbandry is one of the components of agriculture, and is listed as the two pillars of agricultural production alongside planting. Animal husbandry machinery has an important position and role in the national economy, mainly: ①Provide animal food such as meat, milk and eggs. ②Provide raw materials such as wool, cashmere, leather, bristles, animal bones and casings for the industry. ③ Obtain foreign exchange through the export of livestock products. ④Promote the development of input industry of animal husbandry and animal product processing industry, and increase employment opportunities. ⑤ Provide organic fertilizers for crop production. ⑥ Increase farmers' income. ⑦Provide animal power for agriculture and transportation. ⑧ Promote the economic and cultural development of the vast pastoral areas, and strengthen the unity among all ethnic groups.

The main characteristics and requirements of animal husbandry are:

   (1) Its expanded reproduction is closely related to the proportion of males, females, young animals, and young animals in various types of livestock. Therefore, maintaining a reasonable herd structure is very important for accelerating the development of animal husbandry.

   (2) Feed is the foundation of animal husbandry. Only by continuously solving the problem of feed can the development of animal husbandry be accelerated.

   (3) The commercial nature of animal husbandry is very high, and the products are inconvenient to transport and easy to perish. Therefore, it is required to cooperate closely in the acquisition, processing, storage, transportation and other aspects.

   (4) Animal Husbandry Animal husbandry machinery has greater adaptability to natural and economic conditions, which can be used for grazing and house feeding. Because of these characteristics and requirements, the development of animal husbandry must be based on the natural economic conditions of each region, and adapt measures to local conditions to give full play to its advantages.

   Animal husbandry mainly includes cattle, horses, donkeys, mules, camels, pigs, sheep, chickens, ducks, geese, rabbits, bees and other livestock and poultry breeding, and deer, mink, otter, musk and other wild economic animals domestication. It not only provides raw materials for textile, oil, food, pharmaceutical and other industries, but also provides rich food such as meat, milk, eggs, and poultry for people's lives, and provides draught animals and manure for agriculture. Therefore, doing a good job in animal husbandry production is of great significance for promoting economic development, improving people's lives, increasing export materials, and strengthening national unity.

The conditions for the development of animal husbandry are: suitable natural conditions, that is, light, heat, water, and soil are suitable for the growth and development of various pastures and livestock. The pasture area is large, the quality is good, and there are many types; there is a certain material basis and production potential. It is very large, can achieve less investment, quick results, and high returns; the majority of farmers have experience and skills in animal husbandry production. There are many types of animal husbandry, which can be divided into pastoral area animal husbandry, agricultural area animal husbandry, and suburban animal husbandry according to feed types, animal species composition, and management methods.

In order to speed up the development of animal husbandry, attract farmers into the process of industrialization of animal husbandry, and promote farmers’ income, we will unswervingly follow the development path of modern animal husbandry of scale, standardization and industrialization, and adhere to the principle of “policy for animal husbandry and science and technology. The goal orientation of “grazing, high-quality grazing, and ecological grazing”, fully promote the grand strategy of breeding rich farmers, transform the development mode of animal husbandry, constantly adapt to the new normal, seek new development, and achieve new leap forward. It is planned to be March 30-31, 2019. The 2019 Shandong () Animal Husbandry Fair will be held at the Huaxiu Convention and Exhibition Center to build an information release platform, technology promotion platform, and business docking platform for animal husbandry and related industries.

Shandong Province is a large animal husbandry province in the country. The total output of meat, eggs and milk accounts for about one-tenth of the country. It has ranked first in the country for many years. The export of livestock products accounts for more than 40% of the country. It is an important animal husbandry production and processing export base in my country. The strong industrial foundation contains broad development prospects and market opportunities. The city is located at the southern end of the Shandong Peninsula, surrounded by mountains and the sea, with beautiful scenery and pleasant climate. It is a unique coastal city. During the 'Twelfth Five-Year Plan' period, the city's animal husbandry has initially established a new urban-type modern animal husbandry development pattern with advantageous characteristics. At present, the city has 5 leading animal husbandry enterprises and 15 provincial leading enterprises. In 2017, the city's total output of livestock products stabilized at 1.16 million tons, the total output value of animal husbandry reached 16.8 billion yuan, and the sales revenue of the entire industry chain reached 58 billion yuan.
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