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Guidelines for construction of horse stables

Guidelines for construction of horse stables

2020-07-17



Are you going to retrofit the existing building or are you going to start building your horse stables brick by brick.

However, as one of the most important parts of a horse's life, horse stable for horse equipment should be designed to meet the ecological needs of horse.


The building, location and ancillary facilities of horse stable are very important for horses. When building horse stable, the geographical location, terrain and surrounding environment, wind direction, water source, drainage, epidemic prevention, traffic and other factors should be fully considered.


Desing livestock equipment factory will tell you more about it.


Layout plan of horse stable

If you're retrofitting an existing house for horse shelter, the most popular way to do that is to partition off the interior.

This method is relatively inexpensive, easy to maintain, and provides continuous mild weather and dry conditions for horses.

For a new barn, consider an American-style horse barn or other suitable building and try to raise horses in a natural way, experts say so.

More recently, there has been growing scepticism about the behaviour of horse owners, who have traditionally kept their horses outdoors but now hope to provide more freedom by building bigger horse stables and horse shelters.


If we have a lot of horses, we need to think about isolation.

If a horse has a cough or an infectious skin disease, we have to isolate them from normal, healthy horses.

As well as horse stables, we might like to have some storerooms and, if the budget permits, a horse stables.

Horse stables are ideally equipped with hot and cold running water, infra-red drying lamps, and rubber non-slip floors.

If you can continue to expand, you can add a shoe brush room, a horse hair trim room, and a swab room.


Horse stable type


Due to the breed, number and age of the horses bred, and due to the materials used for construction, the general horse stables can be divided into the following categories:


Single stall: A horizontal row of horses in a stall with a passage on one side. Each stall can hold 20 horses.

Duplicate stable: The stables are arranged in opposite rows with the passage in the middle.

Characteristic is to accommodate more horses, easy to manage.

Stable: A large communal stable with no stalls or stalls, or divided into 2-8 stalls.

Hybrid stable: Built of more than two types, such as the composite or Uni-Nationalist.

Floor stables: Save land and build a two-floor stables.


Horse stable location


Good site selection is very important for the design and construction of a horse stable, which facilitates stable management and provides a comfortable and safe environment for the horses.


Be sure to look for the following areas when choosing a stable: dry, flat and sloping areas are ideal for the stables, and be sheltered from the sun in the north and from the main summer wind in the south, but avoid direct solar radiation.

Before construction, the ancillary facilities of the stable must be fully considered, such as forage storage room, feed preparation room, saddles room, breeders' rest room, tool room, hoof room, injury treatment room, etc. All ancillary facilities should be convenient to use, not too far away from the stable and safe fire prevention.

So it's best to have a concise, well-thought-out and well-thought-out layout before you start work, which will save you a lot of time and effort for later maintenance.


Power and water supply for horse stable


Water and electricity issues should also be included in the consideration of stable construction.

Each stables shall have a water valve and a tap for each of the two individual rooms.

All power supply equipment must be out of reach of horses, lights must be located in a place that can give maximum brightness, lights should be equipped with protective devices outside, switches should be anti-shock switches and located outside the stable.

In daily work, attention should be paid to timely shut off water and electricity, timely maintenance of water and electricity equipment, prevent long lights or long running water, as far as possible to prevent from occurring.


Drainage system of horse shelter


It is best to consider drainage when pawning the floor. A slight inclination to the outside will provide sufficient drainage capacity.

But the floor incline slope also cannot too big, general before tall hind low the slope of about 10-15 centimeters.

The drainage pipe may be located at an Angle away from the manger, straw carrier and door, and shall be located as far as possible outside the single room.

Do not install a drain pipe in every stall, it is not only unnecessary, but also easy to be blocked by the horse cushion.

It is also particularly dangerous and can easily crack and trap a horse's hoofs.

The roof had better be designed to tilt a bit, to prevent water accumulation, and had better install drainage pipes to facilitate drainage.



Channel design of horse house

Careful design of the pathways in and around horse stables is important to facilitate the handling of horses, the receipt of bedding and hay, and the removal of manure. It is better to leave enough space in the stable for the horse to be drawn where it is needed. In the road planning, it is better to reserve a certain space for the horse box to facilitate the access of trailers and trucks. In conclusion, the more accessible the stable is, the more convenient it will be for those interested in horses to visit.


Building materials of horse house

If you are building horse stables from scratch, time and money are the decisive factors in building materials. Needless to say, brick and tile structures are stronger, but they are also more expensive to build and not as easy to fix as wood. Steel structure of horse stables, which of course are built by good builders, is not only rugged and versatile, but also offers a great variety of options. But the wooden structure must do other aspects of the protection work, such as fire resistance, insulation and other aspects, in order to enhance its durability.


Horse stable ground

If it was a new stable, everything would have to start from scratch, including the stable floor. The most affordable way is to build a stable directly on the dirt floor. But in the long run, after a long time of use and trample, the dirt floor will be easy to slip. But the most important thing about a floor is that it is non-slip, waterproof and durable. Now more popular is the cement floor, convenient for horses to lie down and rest, and the cost is cheap. But concrete floors have many disadvantages, such as hard floors. Also make sure that the cement surface is rough or it will slip. Now more popular than cement floor is rubber floor. It is safe and non-slip, and can reduce the foot hoof knock injury and other injuries. In addition, because rubber floors are warmer than cement floors, they require less padding, which can also help reduce costs in the long run. Rubber floor also has a lot of choice now, arrive from seamless gum simple solid gum, wait to rubber stable mat again.




Light and air for horse stable


The most important thing for all horse stables is fresh air, which helps keep the horses healthy and free from colds and coughs.

But it is important to find the right balance. Ventilation can make the horse cold, or make the coat not so neat.

Therefore, it is a good idea to keep the Windows high, especially in wooden stables, and consider keeping them on the roof ridge for ventilation.


In addition, Windows placed at higher elevations can help improve ventilation in single stalls.

When it comes to Windows, there may be many types, but either type has the effect of lighting and ventilation.

Also do not exclude ventilation, which maximizes air flow without increasing airflow.

But when light is needed instead of ventilation, Windows come in handy.

If the use of electric lighting, then safety should be the first priority.

Light switches and equipment should be placed out of reach of the horses and enclosures or guards should be used to protect the accessories in each stall.


Ancillary buildings and facilities

Forage room:

The hay room should be separated from the stables to prevent dust from getting into the stables or fire from injuring the horses.

Hay room should be well ventilated, the ground is dry and moistureproof, can be used board or stone pad on the ground, the grass will be neatly stacked on board and stone strip separated from the ground.

Saddlery room:

The saddle room shall be dry and moisture-proof, the size of which shall be able to hold all the required items such as horse harness, and fixed saddles or floor saddles cabinets shall be set up.

Horse manure storage room:

The storage room should be away from the stables, but it should be easy to transport. It should be located downwind of the stables, not too close to the hay room, still less to the surrounding residents or sidewalks.

The manure should be cleaned regularly to prevent pollution of the surrounding environment.


Playground or recreation ground:

The horse is very active by nature, so it needs to have appropriate activities every day, even in addition to normal training or training, should not limit their activities, light activities than to stand still better to eliminate fatigue.

For this reason, the construction of the stables should take into full consideration the horse's sports field, it is best to have two sports fields of different sizes.

A small playground (i.e. a small sand ring) is a circle with a radius of about 5-10 meters. The fence or wall should be strong and about 1.8 meters high to prevent horses from jumping out.

In the initial stage of training, horses can be trained in small sand pens.

If possible, a training ring with an electric horse riding machine can be built. Within the ring, each horse is separated by a clapboard. The size of the ring can be determined according to needs.



10 Tips for creating the perfect stable:

1) Increase natural light and reduce electricity consumption. Windows are obviously the best option, but the roof solution also helps.

2) Consider the effect of temperature when choosing building materials. Horse stable should be warm in winter and cool in summer. Add a layer of film to the stable to improve its isolation, but don't go for tin or meteorite. These materials have the opposite effect, making stables cold in winter and hot in summer, and increasing the likelihood of horses being injured. If in doubt, consult an expert, say Desing livestock equipment manufacturer.

3) Fire safety is an important consideration for all horse stables. Make sure you have a suitable fire extinguisher in easy reach.

4) Inspect the site area carefully. Where do you plan to put the horse's bolt and scrub? Where are the bolts, hoses, and horse stones?

5) Horses need to be able to see their surroundings so that the constant changes of people and things can provide freshness and prevent boredom.So improve their view by opening the front door and opening the back door; Both wood and masonry doors should have latticed Windows and internal grilles.

6) Wooden doors had better be installed on the metal protective frame, so can be more durable. Don't overlook all the important details, including the safety bolt for the door and the fittings and bolts.

7) If you can, tap water into the barn, which will also save you a lot of time and load work. Automatic drinking devices or feeding tanks could make our work easier.

8) A simple internal passage between the feed room and the harness store can save us time and energy. Arrange the harness, coat and other accessories on the rack and pile in order to keep them in good condition.

9) Finally, for all new construction and renovation work, the most important thing is to be prepared. The better you prepare, the better your economic planning will be.

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