Horse breeding equipment
Horse-raising equipment refers to six series of horse-raising equipment including fattening stalls, nursery beds, Gaopei nursery beds, ductile iron bottoms, Gaopei farrowing beds, and Gaopei farrowing beds.
There are many sub-categories, as well as detailed specifications and models. How to choose advanced and economical horse breeding equipment that is compatible with the scale and technology of the horse farm is an important measure to improve the production level and economic benefits.
The breeding of mares and calves is a very important link in the production of horses. Newborns are small and weak, have poor body temperature regulation functions, and have poor resistance to cold. Frost often occurs in winter. Danger of death, crushing, and trampling. The survival rate of young horses depends largely on the structure of the horse house, heating and ventilation and farrowing pen structure.
The farrowing pen is a single pen and is a place where mares give birth and breastfeed. In the middle of the farrowing pen is the mare limiter, which is the place for the mare to give birth and the baby horse to breastfeed, and on both sides are the place for the baby horse to eat, drink, heat and move around. The mare limit frame is generally made of round steel pipe and aluminum alloy. The rear part is equipped with a slatted floor to remove feces and dirt. On both sides, there are stalls for horses to isolate the horses.
The farrowing pen and nursery pen are the key to the design of a modern horse farm. Improving a safe and comfortable childbirth, nursery and breeding environment is very important for the survival rate and growth of the young horse, and for the breastfeeding and physical recovery of the mare.
The single column is 2.1m long and 1.8m wide. In the middle is the mare stall, 1.1m high and 0.6m wide. Both sides of the mare stall are the area for young horses, with a height of 0.5m and a width of 0.45m. In order to save the use area, two columns are used as a unit in the design, with an incubator position in the middle, with a width of 0.6m. When the mare is in the single farrowing pen, it can avoid crushing the pups, at the same time, it also provides the growth environment for the young horses and improves the survival rate of the young horses.
1. It can protect the young horse and prevent being crushed by the mare;
2. It can provide a microclimate and a small environment of about 30℃ for the newborn ponies;
3. It can provide good sanitary conditions, can prevent the accumulation of living things and the reproduction of bacteria, and reduce the disease of young horses;
4. Facilitate the management of mares and young horses.
The newly weaned ponies are weak in physique, have poor disease resistance, and are prone to disease. Therefore, the design of the nursery pen is best made of all metal, with two litters and one pen.
The nursery fence is made of steel braided net bottom plate, 30×30×3 angle steel fence (painted anti-corrosion), fence height 700mm, double-sided cast iron bottom feeding trough, 2 sets of stainless steel water heaters.
It is more appropriate to choose 0.3m according to the floor space of each pony during the nursery period. The fence adopts fully slatted floor, equipped with horse equipment such as automatic drinking fountains and free feeding boxes.
The breeding methods of breeding mares in modern horse farms include group feeding in large pens, individual breeding in small pens, and group breeding combined with small pens. Among them, small pens are single-restricted rearing, which has a small footprint and is convenient for observing the mares. Heat and bred in time, the mares do not fight for food and fights, avoid mutual interference, and reduce mechanical abortion. However, the large investment in individual pens and the small amount of exercise of the mares are not conducive to prolonging the life of the breeding mares. The structure has physical and fences. There are three types: style and comprehensive style.
The fence length and width of the mare fence can be determined according to the layout of the fence in the horse house. The fence height is generally 0.9~1m, and the individual fence is generally 2m long, 0.65m wide and 1m high. The fence structure can be metal or cement structure, but the fence gate should be of metal structure.
There are many design forms, usually all-metal and semi-metal stallions are designed with a length of 2.8m and a width of 2.4m. In addition, it can also be designed as a unit consisting of 4 single horse stalls and 1 stallion stall. The stallion stalls in the unit are 2.7m long, 2.4m wide and 1.2m high. This combination stall is very convenient for observing and managing the estrus and breeding of the mares.
All metal fences are used to maintain good ventilation. If investment is limited, a combination of brick walls and metal fence doors can be used. The growth fence has two nests and one fence, the wall height is 0.8m, and the area of ??each fence is designed at 0.6 square meters per head. The nursery fence is 0.9m high and can be designed as 0.9 square meters per head.
In winter, suckling ponies and nursery ponies should have warm horse equipment. There are many forms of warm horse equipment: electric heating embedded water pipe system: low temperature electric heating wire embedded on the ground; 250~300W infrared light bulb. But the average power consumption is large, and the maintenance is also difficult. If the Zima constant temperature insulation board is used, it is convenient to clean, saves points and is durable, and the price is also reasonable. It is an ideal heat insulation equipment for horse farms.
In summer, the weather is sweltering and humid, which is not conducive to the growth of horses in various growth periods, so ventilation and cooling measures should be taken. A horse house should be equipped with several large blowing fans to form air convection. In addition to the childbirth nursery, there should be cooling sprayers. Insulated roof, ventilated horse house, plus large exhaust fan and sprayer, summer ventilation and cooling can basically be solved.
The breeding house can be designed with a long cement trough with a width of 0.34m and a depth of 0.14m, and the farrowing pen is equipped with feeding troughs for mares and young horses. An automatic food box is set in the nursery, growth and rearing pens. The double-sided automatic food box has a simple structure, free feeding, convenient and sanitary, feed-saving, and a small area. The width of the food position for conservation, growth, and rearing were 0.18, 0.22, and 0.25m, and the height was 0.12, 0.15, and 0.18m, respectively.
Water supply design
Horse drinking water should be clean and hygienic, and automatic drinking fountains should be used to avoid cross-contagion. The farrowing pen is equipped with a drinking fountain each for the mare and the young horse, and the installation height is 0.65~0.70m and 0.20~0.22m respectively. Two automatic drinking fountains are installed in each of the nursery pen, growth pen, and nursery pen, with installation heights of 0.35~0.40m, 0.55~0.60m, and 0.60~0.65m respectively. The distance between every two drinking fountains is 0.30~0.40m, 0.50~0.60m, 0.60~0.70m. Drinking fountains come in various specifications and forms. Common ones are duckbill, cup and medicinal drinkers. Among them, the duckbill drinker is more popular in the market.
Baby horse carriage-weaned horses are transported to the nursery for raising. The carriage of young horses is easy to transfer, which reduces the labor intensity of the breeders.
Feed truck-convenient to transport feed, flexible turning.
High-pressure washing machine-high-pressure washing the ground, but also spray disinfection. Rinse and disinfect thoroughly.
In addition, there are auxiliary horse equipment such as manure collection carts, on-site horse carriages, and manure separators.
From design to manufacturing of horse equipment in factory farms, there is only nearly a decade of history in our country. We need to continue to sum up experience in practice, further improve, continue to learn foreign technology, adhere to local conditions, economical and practical, and strive to improve the economic efficiency of the horse farm and the society Benefit, accelerate the development of my country's horse breeding industry.
Heating horse equipment
In winter, a single product can make the room temperature of 10-15 square meters reach 35 degrees or more. When the minimum temperature in other seasons exceeds 15 degrees, it can make the space of 20-25 square meters reach 35 degrees or more. It can be used with hot air stoves or coal The use of the furnace can not only supplement the space temperature, but also make the temperature of each point in the room uniform, and the temperature control effect is excellent, saving labor costs, and greatly improving the survival rate of brooding, saving worry and effort. (Note: The product heating time is as follows: 5-8 hours, depending on the size of the space and heat preservation)
1. Adopt microcomputer constant temperature control, temperature 1-99 degrees can be adjusted freely, automatically cut off when it exceeds the set temperature, and resume heating when it is lower than the set temperature, with good energy saving effect.
2. After setting the temperature, there is no need to take care of it manually. It will automatically change with the temperature, and the microcomputer will record and maintain a constant temperature.
3. The heating element adopts carbon fiber heating technology, no glare and strong light pollution, high far-infrared radiation intensity, has the function of promoting animal blood circulation, and is beneficial to healthy growth. It is known as a health-care heater.
4. Four-fan design, uniform heating, frequency conversion energy saving and environmental protection.
5. Convenient installation, simple operation, environmental protection and pollution-free.
Heatstroke prevention and cooling horse equipment
For the mare to cool down, the water curtain negative pressure ventilation effect is the best, but it is necessary to balance the suitable temperature of the mare and the young horse. The water curtain negative pressure ventilation can reduce the temperature by 4℃-8℃, which can make the mares feel comfortable; in order to prevent the young horses from catching cold, the mare stalls are equipped with PVC baffles on the side of the fan to avoid direct cold wind. It’s best to raise the delivery bed in the mare house, and adjust the installation position of the fan and water curtain appropriately so that the cool breeze passes above the young horse while the temperature below the delivery bed is relatively high. Will selectively stand up to feel the cool air, just to solve the temperature difference problem.
Fengsuda Water Curtain Air Conditioning System: Use the water curtain wall cooling system, the principle of water evaporation and heat absorption, and the principle of negative pressure ventilation to discharge waste gas and pollution in the farm and relieve high temperature and heat. After installation, it can effectively improve the high temperature and sultry environment of the breeding farm. The temperature in the breeding farm (the high temperature environment of 32-45°C) can be quickly reduced within 10 minutes, and the temperature can be kept at 26~30°C. The most comfortable environment for the farm.
Heating horse equipment Horse house heating is divided into central heating and local heating. Central heating is generated by a central heating horse equipment, and then the heating medium is transported to the radiator in the horse house through pipes. Local heating includes hot water heating floor, electric heating plate, infrared lamp, etc. What should be paid attention to when buying horse equipment in a new horse farm?
Cooling horse equipment
Although ventilation is an effective means of cooling, it can only reduce the room temperature to close to the ambient temperature outside the room. Commonly used cooling systems for horse farms include wet curtain-fan cooling system, spray cooling system, spray cooling system and drip cooling system. Because the latter three cooling systems have high humidity, they are not suitable for farrowing houses and childcare houses. The wet curtain-fan cooling system is the most mature evaporative cooling system. Its evaporative cooling efficiency can reach 75%~90%, and it has gradually been widely used all over the world.
Sterilizing horse equipment
Commonly used equipment for cleaning and disinfecting horses in horse farms are high-pressure cleaners, flame disinfection and knapsack sprayers. The best effect can be achieved when the flame sterilizer is used in conjunction with the medicine disinfection. After the medicine is used for disinfection, the flame sterilizer is used for disinfection, and the sterilization can reach more than 95%.
Clean horse equipment
Modern horse farms generally have feces leaking floors laid on the feces and urine ditch. After horses urinate on the feces leaking floor, the urine flows into the feces ditch through the gaps, and the feces fall on the feces leaking floor. After being stepped on, it automatically falls into the ditch below. In order to avoid contact between horses and feces, it is helpful to prevent and reduce the occurrence of diseases.
According to the laying range of the stalls, the slatted floor is divided into two types: full leakage and partial leakage. The farrowing pen and nursery pen raised on the high bed should adopt the full leakage floor, and the stalls raised on the ground Generally, partial leakage floor (1/3~1/2 leakage floor) is used. The draining pool area for horses is a leaky floor, while the feeding and resting area is a solid ground.
The key technical parameter of the leakage floor is the width of the leakage. Fecal leakage floors come in various shapes, generally made of blocks, strips or nets. The materials used are cement, metal, plastic, etc.
Cleaning and heating
The ambient temperature in the stables of modern horse farms is generally not affected by the ambient temperature. Therefore, the horse house should be equipped with some heating, ventilation and cooling equipment to ensure the normal and healthy growth and production of the horses. Pay more attention to the environmental sanitation in the horse house, and disinfect the horse equipment such as the pony trough, automatic feed trough, and mare trough in the horse breeding equipment in time.
The horse house heating is divided into two types: central heating and local heating. Central heating consists of a central heating horse equipment such as a boiler, burner, etc., which generates hot gas or heated air through the combustion of coal, oil, etc., and then transports the heat medium to the horse house through pipes The radiator inside radiates heat to heat the air in the horse house and keeps the proper temperature inside the horse house. Local heating includes hot water heating floor, electric heating plate, infrared lamp, etc.
In order to eliminate harmful gases in the horse house, reduce the temperature in the house and adjust the temperature locally, ventilation must be carried out. Ventilation should pay attention to the following issues: Avoid short-circuiting of the fan, do not install the fan on the wall, the bottom is the opening door, so that the airflow is short-circuited; if single-sided exhaust is used, it should be adjacent to the horse house on both sides The exhaust vents are located on the opposite side to prevent the exhausted air from being immediately inhaled by the other horse house; try to make the air flow through most of the space in the horse house, especially on the manure ditch, so as not to cause dead ends to achieve replacement The purpose of qi. The ventilators suitable for horse farms are mostly large-diameter, low-speed, low-power ventilators. This fan has large ventilation, low noise, low power consumption and durability.
When the ambient temperature outside the house is higher than the maximum limit temperature (27~30℃) for horse breeding, cooling measures should be taken while ventilation to ensure that the house temperature is controlled within an appropriate range.
Commonly used cooling systems in horse breeding equipment factories include wet curtain-fan cooling system, spray cooling system, spray cooling system and drip cooling system. The evaporation cooling efficiency can reach 75~90%, and it has gradually been widely used all over the world.