Internal structure and equipment of the horse stable house
The internal structure and equipment of the manure shed of horse stable shall be kept clean, dry, ventilated, bright and with appropriate stable temperature
In principle, for similar types of stalls, particular attention should be paid to the following:
Stable bed with no permeability, easy to clean repair, not to slip is good. The sport may be laid with thick boards, or made of pitch: but generally compacted and smooth with good clay, and easily filled if there is a depression. It is necessary to overhaul the bed every two to three years, with a surface that sinks into the sea -- a gentle slope of 2%. Cement and masonry non - rational stable bed.
The stable door shall be of appropriate width and height, the stable shall be 2 meters wide and 2.2 meters high, 1.5脳2.0 meters for single row, 2.2脳2.5 meters for sport horses and adjustable stables, and 2脳2.2 meters for female stables. No threshold shall be set. For the purpose of preventing the wind from entering the steed in the north, a windscreen with a height of about 2.5 ~ 2.8 m, a width of 2.8 ~ 3 m and a depth of more than 2.4 m can be added outside the gate.
There should be a degree of light in the window stall. It depends on the area of the window. The window has daylighting and take in air two kinds, also can use both. The total area of the window must be proportional to the area in the stable, 1:12-15 for stables, 1:10-12 for stallion and foal stables. The window is 2 ~ 2.2 meters above the ground.
The next door between the horse USES thick board or cement, tall about 1.6 ~ 1.8 meters, its upper part also can use lattice board. The next door to the stable can reach more than 2 meters. There is no barrier between the system, our country is used to think that this can make the working horses intimate with each other, actually it is harmful to health; But the horse that general service USES also can not have next door between the horse, block with crossbar or balustrade.
The passage, the passage in the stable, shall be the same height as the stable bed in the stable. Flat and wide, about 2.5 ~ 3 meters wide.
The harness and the fodder room shall occupy one room respectively for the storage of harness, fodder and the preparation equipment. The size varies with the number of horses, and the harness room is larger and can be used for workers to rest on duty.
There are two types of feeder: fixed and movable, both of which should be strong and durable, without edges and corners, and easy to clean. The fixed feeder can be made of cement. The movable feeder is usually made of wood and tinplate, and there are two types: long and round. The height of the trough varies with the size of the horse's body. From the feeding slot to the ground, it is about 80 ~ 100 cm, with a top width of 40 cm, a bottom width of 30 cm and a depth of 30 ~ 40 cm. The moving groove is attached to the moderately high wall. Drinking water to tin-tin bucket is appropriate, there should be water supply equipment in the stall.
A grassy rack is an iron grassy rack that can be placed in a corner of a horse or near a wall. Its height to make the horse's head slightly raised without causing the grass into the eyes of the appropriate.
Manure is the source of all kinds of infectious diseases, to thoroughly and timely remove manure in the manure, has important prevention and health significance. The cesspool is branched and has a depth of 1 m. The distance between the cesspool and the stable is 50 ~ 100 meters, not less than 100 meters from the residential area. The setting of the ground storage dunghill can also play a disinfection role. A manure pile is 1.5 to 2 meters high, 2 meters wide and 2 meters long, depending on the amount of manure.