The influencing factors of milking equipment

by:Desing      2020-04-04
Milking equipment is one of the dairy farm equipment. To squeeze the milk collection. Consists of two parts, milking machine and vacuum unit. There are fixed type and movable milking equipment. Stationary and bucket type, between pipeline and milking type 3 kinds. Pail is milking machine milking equipment and portable milk together, fit directly into the pail of milk, apply to ShuanYang cowshed. Pipeline milking equipment will be packed under through the pipeline to the milk, the milk can reduce pollution and reduce labor intensity, is suitable for the 300 or so of medium-sized dairy ShuanYang cowshed. Type between milking equipment is to make the cow along within a prescribed channel between order into milk milk, squeeze the milk into the milk, the equipment utilization rate is higher. Milking period, also a feed grain feed device, is suitable for the large scatter around 500 head grille breeding dairy farms. Portable milking equipment milking machine and vacuum devices installed on the car or portable milking stage, suitable for pasture on milk. Factors affecting the working performance of the milking equipment is vacuum, pulse frequency and the beat. Pulse frequency is refers to the milk cup milking times per minute. Pulse frequency fast, can make a breast sphincter, milk from the nipple, the rapid and milking time. But in the milk cup the massage rhythm, there will be a small amount of milk from the nipple back into the room, so as to bring germs into the breast and cause disease. Therefore, pulsation frequency shoulds not be too fast or too slow, and should be in line with the number of cows the pulsation of the heart, it is advisable to in 50 ~ 60 beats per minute. The main influence factors of fluctuation frequency is vacuum degree. When the vacuum degree change, can make the milking rate, milking time, pulse frequency and the beat than change. High vacuum degree, will increase residual amount of milk in the breast, nipple hyperemia, cause breast diseases; Vacuum through low, makes the milking speed is slow, cause milk cup fall off. When the volatility will also cause the instantaneous air flow, the virus into the breast. Therefore, milking vacuum stability requirements within the scope of the 43 ~ 53000 mpa, fluctuation quantity less than 2. 5 ~ 4000 mpa.
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